God consistently stays faithful to his obligations. In “2 Kinds of Covenants in the Bible You Need to Know,” we took a gander at the two fundamental sorts of guarantees in the Bible: restrictive and unlimited agreements. From the start, these agreements can appear peculiar practices from the quite a while in the past that have no pertinence for us today, however nothing could be further from reality. Following is a concise clarification of the eight noteworthy agreements of the Bible—and what every one methods for you by and by.
- The Covenant of Works (Conditional)
God made a conditional covenant with Adam in the garden of Eden. Adam was supposed to obey all God’s commands to earn the right to eat from the tree of life and merit eternal life. Adam rebelled against God and earned instead death and condemnation for himself and all his descendants (Gen. 2:17–18; Gen. 3).
What does this convenant mean for you actually? Since all people originate from Adam and were spoken to by him, they are altogether under this equivalent contract and blameworthy of neglecting to keep it (Rom. 5:12; 1 Cor. 15:21–22). Since God is heavenly, you are at ill will with God dependent on your own blemished works. Moreover, in light of the fact that you have an evil nature because of the debasement coming about because of Adam’s fall, you submit more sins that pile more blame upon you.
- The Covenant of Grace (Unconditional)
We first find the unconditional covenant of grace in Genesis 3:15 where God promises that a savior will come who will crush the head of the serpent (i.e. Satan). In the covenant of grace, people are saved by God’s grace through faith in Christ alone because of Christ’s perfect keeping of the law and his perfect and complete sacrifice once and for all for sin (Rom. 5:12–21; Heb. 7:27; 10:14).
What does this covenant mean for you personally? Because you are sinful, you can never keep God’s law perfectly and be pure in order to stand in his presence. Through faith in Christ alone, you are declared righteous in God’s sight, are forgiven of your sins, have peace with your Creator, and have been gifted all the rights and privileges as God’s child for eternity (Eph. 2:8–9; Rom. 5:1; 8:15).
- The Noahic Covenant (Unconditional)
In the unconditional Noahic covenant, God made a promise to Noah to never again bring a flood to destroy the earth (Gen. 9:1–17). God instituted the Noahic covenant to preserve the earth so that humans would not destroy each other, in order that the savior, Jesus Christ, could come at the appointed time in God’s redemptive plan.
What does this convenant mean for you by and by? Since Christ has come and done his sparing work, God “is persistent toward you, not longing that any ought to die, however that all should achieve contrition” (2 Pet. 2:9). Jesus will return one day to completely set up his kingdom (Rev. 21). In the event that you have not gotten Christ as your Savior, do as such immediately, for the time being is the day of salvation (2 Cor. 6:2).
- The Covenant of Abraham (Unconditional)
The covenant of grace is more fully revealed in the covenant of Abraham. God made an unconditional, permanent covenant with Abraham: “‘I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed’” (Gen. 12:3; 15:5–6). God fulfilled his promise to Abraham by sending his only begotten Son Jesus to the earth as the Savior of the world to be born in the flesh from a descendant of Abraham (Matt. 1:1–17; Luke 3:23–38; Gal. 3:16).
What does this covenant mean for you personally? All who receive Christ as Savior are the true heirs of Abraham and have all rights and privileges thereof. Abraham believed God would keep his promise, “and if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise” (Gal. 3:29).
- The Mosaic Covenant (Conditional)
Like the Abrahamic convenant, the Mosaic (old) pledge was a piece of the agreement of beauty however it was impermanent in nature. The Mosaic contract was a restrictive understanding among God and the general population of Israel that was interceded by Moses (Exod. 19–24). The general population of Israel needed to satisfy God’s stipulations in this convenant to remain and thrive in the land God had given them. None of the Israelites were ever unadulterated before God through the keeping of this agreement, since it was unimaginable for anybody to obey it impeccably. They were just proclaimed exemplary by confidence alone, similarly as their father Abraham might have been (Gen. 15:6).
This covenant was extremely important for two reasons: 1) it showed the nation of Israel (and us) the impossibility of keeping God’s law perfectly and the need for a savior and 2) it provided a forum for Christ to come and be the perfect Son of Israel who would obey God’s law in all things and be the once-for-all sacrifice for sin.
What does this covenant mean for you personally? The Mosaic covenant shows us that, because of indwelling sin, the law is a taskmaster that humans can never appease (Rom. 3:19–20). Yet, there is no need for you to despair: Through faith in Christ, you are declared righteous before God, since Christ’s perfect obedience is counted to you and your sin is counted to Christ (Rom. 5:12–21; Heb. 7:27; 10:14).
- The Davidic Covenant (Unconditional)
In 2 Samuel 7, God made a promise that he would raise up David’s offspring and “establish the throne of his kingdom forever” (7:12–13). God promised unconditionally to put a son of David on the throne, but only the righteous son would reign for eternity. While David’s son Solomon ruled over Israel, he failed to keep God’s commands (1 Kings 9:4–9; 11:4–8). Only David’s descendant Jesus was the true and faithful Son deserving of the everlasting throne of David (Ps. 2; 16; 110).
What does this convenant mean for you by and by? Not at all like minor human rulers who disillusion us with their inability to lead evenhandedly, Jesus obeyed God no matter what—notwithstanding giving his own life out of his affection for the world—and earned the privilege to run in brilliance always (John 3:16; 1 Kings 2:35; Rev. 11:15). You can breathe easy because of realizing that the restored Christ is the one genuinely noble King who has verified everlasting life for all believers as well as put a conclusion to all treachery and shrewdness one day (Rev. 21:4).
- The New Covenant (Unconditional)
The new covenant ushered in the new creation. This covenant is new in relationship to the old (Mosaic) covenant, but both are part of the Abrahamic covenant. While Moses was the mediator of the old covenant between God and the nation of Israel, Christ is the mediator of the new covenant between God and believers through his finished work of redemption in his life, death, and resurrection. While the old covenant required national obedience, the new covenant requires faith in Christ, the perfectly obedient Son of Israel (Jer. 31:31–34; Matt. 26:28; Gal. 3:16–18).
What does this covenant mean for you personally? While the new covenant requires faith in Christ, this faith itself is a gift from God, given to all who trust in Christ as their Savior (John 1:12; Eph. 2:8–9). As a Christian, you can rejoice that you have peace with God (Rom. 5:1), eternal life (Rom. 6:23), are indwelt by the Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 3:16), and are being conformed to the image of Jesus (Rom. 8:29).
- The Covenant of Redemption (Conditional)
Without the covenant of redemption, the only other covenant in this list that could exist is the first one: the covenant of works. The covenant of redemption was established before creation and is the pact between the persons of the Trinity in which the Father sends the Son to do the work of redemption, the Son submits to the Father’s will, and the Holy Spirit applies the benefits of the Son’s accomplished work to believers (Ps. 40:6–8). As a reward for his obedience, the Father gifts the Son with glory and an everlasting kingdom (Ps. 110; Isa. 53; Zech. 6:12–13; John 17:1–5).
What does this convenant mean for you by and by? On the off chance that the people of the Trinity didn’t make this agreement—and keep it—we would all be under God’s judgment with no expectation for gathering his heavenly principles. God did not need to spare any of us from the outcomes of our wrongdoing, yet he did as such out of his unbelievable love (Rom. 3:23–26). Try not to rely upon your own defective attempts to be directly before God; rather, have confidence in and get Jesus Christ as your Savior today.